Our Sense of Smell Provides a New Way to Battle Spinal Cord Injuries

Researchers from the University of Bristol have just shared the promising results of a new treatment for spinal cord injuries that could help regenerate nerves and potentially improve patients’ quality of life. The new therapy involves the transplantation of cells that have been modified to secrete a molecule that helps to remove scarring caused by spinal cord…

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Exercise changes gut microbial composition independent of diet, team reports

In the first study, scientists transplanted fecal material from exercised and sedentary mice into the colons of sedentary germ-free mice, which had been raised in a sterile facility and had no microbiota of their own. In the second study, the team tracked changes in the composition of gut microbiota in human participants as they transitioned…

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Researchers Say New Species Are Evolving at an Unbelievable Rate

NEW SPECIES IN THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS On a remote island in the Galapagos archipelago, a bird, nicknamed “Big Bird” by researchers, has clued scientists into the incredible possibilities of evolution. In a report published in the journal Science, researchers from Princeton University and Uppsala University have shown how Big Bird emerged as a new species in only two generations….

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AHA’s New Guidelines for High BP Levels

The American Heart Association (AHA) has revised its guideline for high blood pressure from 140/90 to 130/80. This new standard is based largely on the findings of the SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial) study. The trial included data from over 9,000 participants and focused on determining if a BP target of 120 or less…

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For the First Time, a Robot Passed a Medical Licensing Exam

IN BRIEF Chinese AI-powered robot Xiaoyi took the country’s medical licensing examinations and passed, according to local reports. Xiaoyi is just one example of how much China is keen on using AI to make a number of industries more efficient.  ROBOT MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL Experts generally agree that, before we might consider artificial intelligence (AI) to…

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Calls for Amazon to ban ‘anorexia hoodie’

Amazon has been described as “irresponsible” for selling a hoodie that describes anorexia as “like bulimia, except with self-control”. One woman living with anorexia said it could “damage” the mental health of those with the conditions. Anorexia expert Dr Susie Orbach told the BBC’s Victoria Derbyshire programme the online retailer should “remove it immediately”. Amazon…

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This device aims to tackle ventilator-associated pneumonia

Nachiket Deval , a National Institute of Design graduate, had always wanted to make a medical device that would be of use to the masses. He also tried to make one for his thesis project. The natural progression for Deval was to start a company after a few stints in a couple of design and engineering jobs. But…

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Indian Health Industry Profile Update- July 2017

Healthcare has become one of India’s largest sectors both in terms of revenue & employment. The industry is growing at a tremendous pace owing to its strengthening coverage, services and increasing expenditure by public as well private players During 2008-20, the market is expected to record a CAGR of 16.5 per cent The total industry…

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One in five Indians is deficient in Vitamin B12: Metropolis Study

A study by Metropolis Healthcare has found that more than 15 per cent of the Indian population lacks the optimum quantity of vitamin B12, and majority of them are vegetarians. “Growing age makes it difficult to absorb vitamin B12. It also becomes harder if one has had a weight loss surgery or any other surgery…

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Medical camera makes light work of seeing through the body

Scientists have developed a camera that can see through the human body. The camera is designed to help doctors track medical tools known as endoscopes that are used to investigate a range of internal conditions. The new device is able to detect sources of light inside the body, such as the illuminated tip of the endoscope’s long…

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Astronaut urine may be recycled into nutrients, plastic

Scientists have found a way to recycle human urine into food supplements and plastics, an advance that may make long duration space trips more feasible. Astronauts can not take a lot of spare parts into space because every extra ounce adds to the cost of fuel needed to escape the Earth’s gravity. “If astronauts are going to make journeys that span several…

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Soft wearable robotic suit promotes normal walking in stroke patients

Upright walking on two legs is a defining trait in humans, enabling them to move very efficiently throughout their environment. This can all change in the blink of an eye when a stroke occurs. In about 80% of patients post-stroke, it is typical that one limb loses its ability to function normally — a clinical…

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Man dies from flesh-eating bacteria after swimming with new tattoo

A 31-year-old man died after he reportedly ignored warnings about swimming after getting a new tattoo and contracted a flesh-eating bacteria infection in the Gulf of Mexico. The unidentified man, whose case was detailed in the British Medical Journal, had gotten a tattoo on his right calf five days prior to swimming, Metro reported. The man…

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Better, cheaper healthcare with dry blood samples

A drop of blood on filter paper, allowed to dry and stored for future diagnostic purposes – considerably easier than the present-day, resource-consuming method using frozen blood samples in plastic tubes. In a new study, Uppsala researchers have successfully measured 92 different proteins in millimetre-sized circles punched out of dried samples. They have shown that…

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To experience beauty, we need to think

In a recent study, two of Immanuel Kant’s theories on experiencing beauty were assessed. The conclusion is that beauty might be in the eye of the beholder, but the beholder will need to think about it to appreciate it. Beauty is an ephemeral term. Many of us will find beauty in a tropical beach or…

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South African cave yields yet more fossils of a newfound relative

Probing deeper into the South African cave system known as Rising Star, a subterranian maze that last year yielded the largest cache of hominin fossils known to science, an international team of researchers has discovered another chamber with more remains of a newfound human relative, Homo naledi. The discovery, announced May 9, 2017 with the publication…

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First public sector stem cell bank to come up at KGMU

In what may come as a relief to over 1 lakh patients of thalassemia in India, a public sector stem cell bank is set to come up at UP’s King George’s Medical University here. A project of the university’s transfusion medicine department, the stem cell bank would roll out stem cell therapy to patients of thalassemia and sickle cell anaemia. The proposal is awaiting clearance…

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The exercise pill is here: Burn fat without undergoing fitness training (Video)

For those, who cannot undergo fitness training, ‘exercise pill’ may work as magic for them! A study says, the prospect of an ‘exercise pill’ can be life-changing for people, who don’t work out because of obesity or serious physical disabilities. Hopes for such a pill emerged from scientists who found that an experimental drug allowed mice to run…

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What’s coming next ? Scientists identify how the brain predicts speech

An international collaboration of neuroscientists has shed light on how the brain helps us to predict what is coming next in speech. In the study, publishing on April 25 in the open access journal PLOS Biology scientists from Newcastle University, UK, and a neurosurgery group at the University of Iowa, USA, report that they have discovered mechanisms in the…

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European biliary and pancreatic stents market to hit $84 million by 2023

The European pancreatic and biliary stents market, which covers 21 major markets, is set to grow from $60.5 million in 2016 to around $84 million by 2023, representing a compound annual growth rate of 4.8%, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData. The company’s latest report states that key drivers of the market include increased cancer rates and…

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Toyota shows robotic leg brace to help paralyzed people walk

Toyota is introducing a wearable robotic leg brace designed to help partially paralyzed people walk. The Welwalk WW-1000 system is made up of a motorized mechanical frame that fits on a person’s leg from the knee down. The patients can practice walking wearing the robotic device on a special treadmill that can support their weight. Toyota Motor Corp. demonstrated the equipment…

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DNA Replication Errors Contribute to Cancer Risk

  A follow-up study confirms that random mutations acquired during normal stem cell division likely play a major role in cancer incidence.   Two years ago, researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine analyzed data on 31 cancer types, finding that the number of stem cell divisions within a tissue—over a lifetime—could partly explain…

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Breakthrough: Scientists create mouse embryo

Because stem cells have the ability to transform into many different types of cells during the body’s early development, embryonic stem cell research offers unique insights into how an organism grows from a single cell. For the first time, scientists have now been able to create a mouse embryo entirely artificially. [Stem cell-modelled embryo ]Researchers…

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Bacteria’s amyloids display surprising structure

Protein clumps in S. aureus differ from those in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s   Clusters of a toxic bacterial protein have a surprising structure, differing from similar clumps associated with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s in humans, scientists report in the Feb. 24 Science.   These clusters, called amyloids, are defined in part by their structure: straight regions of…

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Research: Biomaterials that mimic bone marrow can alter blood cell development

  Researchers at the University of Illinois report they can alter blood cell development through the use of biomaterials designed to mimic characteristics of the bone marrow.   The findings, reported in the journal Science Advances, are a first step toward developing more effective bone marrow treatments for diseases like leukemia and lymphoma.   Blood…

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Questions remain about the benefits of taking testosterone

Graph of results after 12 month treatment with testosterone gel Five new studies say hormone replacement is a mixed bag for aging men As a treatment for the ailments of aging, testosterone’s benefits are hit or miss. For men with low testosterone, the hormone therapy is helpful for some health problems, but not so much…

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Study: Neurotransmitter Dopamine Plays Role in Human Bonding

  “Animal studies have shown the role of dopamine in bonding but this was the first scientific evidence that it is involved in human bonding,” said Northeastern University Professor Lisa Feldman Barrett, corresponding author of the study.   “That suggests that other animal research in this area could be directly applied to humans as well.”…

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Multiple sclerosis: Stem cell transplantation may halt disease progression

  New research provides further evidence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as an effective treatment for multiple sclerosis, after finding the procedure halted disease progression for 5 years in almost half of patients.   New research reveals that almost half of MS patients treated with AHSCT experienced no disease progression in the subsequent 5…

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